Archive for 9/01/11

Mikel Laboa’s “Goizuetan/ Trabuko”, a Basque folk-song


Mikel Laboa Euskal kanta berria frontMikel Laboa, in many ways, is the faher of the Basque songwriters movement, although the French-Basque duo Mixel and Eneko Labeguerie was the first in making songs in Basque. Mikel Laboa was the founder of the collective Ez dok Amairu (There’s no Thirteen). Laboa, influenced by Basque traditional music, French songwriters and Latin-American songwriters, specially Atahualpa Yupanqui and Violeta Parra, alternates in his music words by his own with the words from  others songwriters as J. A. Artze, Xabier Lete and Antton Valverde, and of poets as Bertolt Brecht and Basque poet Gabriel Aresti.

Ez dok Amairu (There’s no Thirteen) was a collective created around Basque esculptor Jorge de Oteiza. Founded by Mikel Laboa, some of their members were Benito Lertxundi, Lourdes Iriondo, Xabier Lete, Antton Valverde and J. A. Artze. Influenced by the Catalan collective Els Setze Jutges (Sixteen Judges), Ez dok Amairu’s finallity was the vindication of Basque language, music, culture and literature, specially poetry. They were, with Castilians, Andalucians and Canarians songwriters and folk-groups, the first in doing songs based on the Basque traditional music, thanks to the wonderful and elder songs-books legated through the centuries.

Euskal Kanta Berria (New Basque Song) was a movement of Basque songwriters with the pretension of vindicating and saving Basque language, music and culture, and a vindication of their land, the so named Euskal Herria (Basque Land/ Basque People or Basque Country). Between this movement, there were collectives as and Argia (light) and Ez dok Amairu (There’s no Thirteen). Between them we can name people as important as Mikel Laboa, Lourdes Iriondo, Benito Lertxundi, Imanol, Lupe, Oskorri… In differance of others regionals songwriters movements, Euskal Kanta Berria used to play the Basque traditional music since the beginnig with their poems or those from great Basque poets as Gabriel Aresti. Within this movement, songwriters Antton Valverde, J. A. Artze and Xabier Lete make the most of these songs.

This is a Basque folksong based on a popular poem named “Berdabioko falsifikadorea” (“Berdabio’s counterfeiter”). The words are atribuited to Joseph Etchegaray, known as “Berdabio”, counterfeiter and burglar of XVIIIth Century, busted when he was delated by his fellow “Trabuko”; so Berdabio, in vegeance, tales in verses Trabuko’s murder (seen here: http://www.blogseitb.com/graffiti/2010/06/25/historias-de-ladrones-y-falsificadores-de-moneda-en-la-navarra-del-s-xviii/). The melody of the song is compossed by Mikel Laboa:

Listen: http://www.goear.com/listen/8157d50/goizuetan-mikel-laboa

Goizuetan/ Trabuko

Goizuetan bada gizon bat
deritzen zaio Trabuko;
hitzak ederrak, bihotza paltso,
sekula etzaio paltako;
egin dituen dilijentziak
berari zaizkio damuko.
Ongi ongi oroitu hadi
zer egin huen Elaman;
difuntu horrek izatu balu
jarraikilerik Lesakan,
orain baino lehen egongo hintzan
ni orain nagoen atakan.
Neure andreak ekarri zuen
Aranaztikan dotea;
hobe zukean ikusi ez balu
Bedabioko atea,
orain etzuen idukiko
dadukan pesadunbrea.
Nere buruaz ez naiz oroitzen
zeren ez naizen bakarra;
hazitzekoak hor uzten ditut
bi seme ta hiru alaba,
jaun zerukoak adi dezala
hoien amaren negarra.

In Goizueta/ Blunderbuss

There’s a man in Goizueta/ they call him Blunderbuss;/ beautiful words, quiet heart,/ he shall never miss those;/ he will sorry/ for the things he’s done./ I remember so well what you did at Elama,/ If the late had relatives at Lesaka/ you shall be in my place right now./ My wife bring the marriage portion from Aranasti./ It would have been better/ if she had not seen/ Berdabio’s door,/ she would not have the grief she has now./ I don’t remember even of myself/ because I’m not the only one./ I let for to be educated two sons and three daughters./ May Lord of Heaven/ bear in mind a mother’s cry.

Traducción al castellano:

https://albokari2.wordpress.com/2006/12/21/goizuetan/

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